KAZAKHSTAN 2050: CHARTING A NATION TO PROSPERITY AND GLOBAL SIGNIFICANCE by professor dr. Anton Caragea MA, FINS, DrHC

December 27, 2012

We are living through difficult and boisterous time. A period of rapid changes in world economic and political system, a time of powerful crisis that is shaking the fundaments of national states and of national economies and is putting under strain the social protection and all the values of economic neo-liberalism.

professor dr.Anton Caragea at kazakhstan 2050

 
In this chaotic period, just a few nations are allowed the luxury of economic and political long time forecast and predictability: China and United States are creating and proposing to their people and foreign partners a long term vision of development and national statehood construction.
In a time of peril and un-certitude, when even a short time economic prediction is considered hazardous, just a few nations are having the will to act as beacons of lights and direction for their region.

In 17th of December 2012 Kazakhstan had enter to this select club of nations, conscientious of their role and position in the continental and world stage by presenting an ambitious, realistic and well carved plan for future of Kazakhstan until 2050.
By the voice of his President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan had created the prototype of a long term, healthy and stable construction model for the country, the region and the world.

Kazakhstan 2030: weathering the storm and creating a nation.

Kazakhstan it is not at the first step in a managed transition towards a stable and democratic society and a powerful economy.
In 1997 Kazakhstan had already carved the landmarks of his astonishing development by the presidential strategy- Kazakhstan 2030.
Far from being just a window dressing, the strategy for 2030 had proved to be a perfect way for charting Kazakhstan after the independence in the incertitude of nation building and construction of a viable economy.
The program had allowed Kazakhstan to tap into national reserves of oil and gas, to gush out of the enclave country status via the reconstructed Silk Road of energy and trade, to create a modern economy, not depending only on energy resources, to build a huge potential of national intelligence and to foster the economy of knowledge, the base for a XXI century reliable economy.

The long string of economic successes was accompanied in the internal sphere by political stability, based on democratic and open society values, the protection of national and religious minorities.
In the area of external policy, Kazakhstan had gather the powerful laurels of a successful reform project carried out during his Presidency of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. An impressive success was also the unprecedented two year chairmanship of Organization of Islamic Conference that transformed Kazakhstan in a leader of dialogue between Islam and Western world.

The latest major diplomatic achievement of Kazakhstan was the proposal of building an area of security and cooperation in Europe and Asia, launched in September 2012, in Astana, at CICA Conference by President Nursultan Nazarbayev. This latest proposal makes Kazakhstan the promoter of an all-inclusive, intercontinental dialogue, that could transform the political landscape of XXI century.
In the end, Kazakhstan 2030 had proved to be not only a successful strategy for Kazakhstan, but also an example for all the countries of the world on how a nation by the sole fact of building himself, can become a regional and world significant player.

The main pillar of Kazakhstan 2050: understanding of XXI century.

In its world acclaimed book: The Seven Pillars of Wisdom, the famous Lawrence of Arabia had mentioned that: the most important, but also decisive part of a plan is to be in line with the necessity of his time.
Kazakhstan 2050 starts by outlining the fundaments of the world in XXI century. A period of change, of accelerating history, of economic, political and ecological challenges, a world completely different from the world of XX century.
Instead of training to force the reality to enter in the realm of possibility, Kazakhstan 2050 is offering a realistic and practical assessment of the necessities of today world and of the available solutions.
Fallowing his long term tradition, Kazakhstan understands that creating a success story and offering solutions to the world is the best way to serve not only his interest, but also to add value to his place in the world.
Kazakhstan 2050: good news for people of Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan had become in the last 20 years an abode of peace, inter-ethnic and inter-religious understanding in a troubled world. One of the explanation is undoubtedly the economic success that made the Kazakhstan not only one of the fastest growing economy in the world, but also a top investor destination in the world economy statistics.

Kazakhstan 2050 is providing the basis for this healthy economy to continue his growth process. Investing in social protection and creating a strong internal demand are key factors for a stable rate of growth. Modernizing the economic potential, investing in new technologies are policy that will insure the world competitiveness of Kazakhstan national economy and the creation of a knowledge based economy are also a profitable long term investment.

The modern economy is based on technological transfer and Kazakhstan is becoming a champion in modernizing the basis of his economy via technology transfer and more important, Kazakhstan educational system mixed with the accent on entrepreneurship in economic development is creating the base for a managerial revolution, that will put Kazakhstan among the top economy`s of the world in term of creativity and intelligence incorporated in economic production.

Extremely interesting it is also the concept of a Kazakhstan patriotism. Instead of playing the card of nationalism or chauvinism, President Nursultan Nazarbayev is calling for the tradition, language and equality to blend into a new and successful Kazakh: a person well educated, wealthy , healthy enjoying the benefits of a modern state and administration and a state of the art medical system.
Kazakhstan is promising to put at the core of his foundation plan for 2050 the individual and his chances to prevail in a complex XXI century.

From Kazakhstan to the world. From world to Kazakhstan.

One of the keys of Kazakhstan national and international success was understanding that Kazakhstan could not evolve alone in the world, but always must stay in touch and be an intricate part of the world evolutions. There are many examples that support this conjecture in Kazakhstan two decades of independence story.

Kazakhstan economic miracle was built on partnership with western companies and oil extraction technology, but also on political negotiation with Russia on Caspian Sea exploration.
The Astana Expo 2017 will also be a proof of the lesson of mutual profit that Kazakhstan is offering to the world. Kazakhstan management of energy, the lessons of ecology and energy for a future, of environment protection, are going to be beneficial for the world economy and for the generations to come. This is just a new illustration of the Kazakhstan concept of successful quest for global significance.
Kazakhstan economic development had transformed the country in a major player in the development of Asia and Europe. Kazakhstan 2050 promises to continue this wise policy: from Kazakhstan to the world, from world to Kazakhstan, creating a synergy that could only beneficial for all the world nations.

Now the lessons of Kazakhstan 2050 are available for everybody: an example of a society of free people building a country for the future, not in isolation or competition, but in harmony with the world nations. In the concert of nations Kazakhstan is ushering in a new tone: a tone of hope.

Professor dr. Anton Caragea MA, FINS, Dr.Hc


HOW BUCHAREST CONFERENCE ON OSCE WAS ORGANIZED by Professor Dr.Anton Caragea MA, FINS,EDA

October 23, 2012

2010 has being an important year for Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, as the only chance for a survival of this important organization, legacy of cold war, had being played out.

Professor dr. Anton Caragea – President of Bucharest Conference on OSCE-24 February 2010

The Kazakhstan Presidency of OSCE had come in a difficult time for the organization. OSCE has being one of the main results of the Final Declaration of Helsinki Conference, designed to create a forum for continuous dialogue between the communist powers and capitalist powers.

Opening of Bucharest Conference on OSCE-24 February 2010

The long period of the Cold War had seen important moments of tension between the two opposite power`s : USSR and United States, having as center the European continent: Berlin Blockade, Berlin Wall, 1956- Hungary Revolution, 1968- Czechoslovakia Revolution etc.

These continuous tensions, on the fringes of European continent and the issue of the frontiers drawn after the Second World War, needed a platform for dialogue and mutual understanding between the Cold War adversaries.

The CSCE ( The Council for Security and Cooperation in Europe ), as it was the former name of OSCE, had succeeded in this task of providing a rostrum for declarations, dialogue and détente between the irreconcilable adversaries of the cold war.

The period after the collapse of the communist system in Europe assured, after the extinction of Warsaw Treaty, a new period of glory for CSCE.

Re-named as OSCE, the organization provided a formula for democratic support tor former communist states and a dialogue and security forum, in a changing world, until the NATO decided to expand and include former communist satellite from Eastern Europe.

From this moment, the downfall of the organization had being sharply and rapid. The last of the summits, held in 1999 in Istanbul, failed to offer a new conceptual reconstruction of the OSCE and failed even to open the opportunity for a new high level summit of the organization.

The agreement for putting OSCE in a shadow corner was clearly marked , for NATO and United States the organization become superfluous and un-necessary. The security of the European countries become a task for the armed arm of the western world: NATO and the economic and human dimension was entrusted to European Union expansion.

For Russia, OSCE had become guilty of becoming an anti-chamber of the NATO expansion and was perceived as a fostering tool for promoting the dismantling of the former Soviet Union, under the name banner of promoting a so called democracy.

In 2010, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe was confronted with the lack of vision, lack of concept and was victim of an extensive period without a high level meeting, from 1999.

The Kazakhstan Presidency was confronted with a negative perception. The promoters of a special kind of democracy where discussing the Kazakhstan track record in fulfilling a hypothetical democracy scale. Other countries, after a failed mandate at the presidency of OSCE, where not to eager to offer to a new comer a red carpet treatment.

Finally, the organization was confronted with a lack of resources and visionary leadership and controlled by a conservative state of mind: if we did not need a high level summit for 10 years why we will need one now? If we survive without a reform, why we need a reform today? This where the question`s whispered on the diplomatic corridors of power.

In this important moment, Kazakhstan leadership decided to commit resources and interest in offering to OSCE the example of an efficient and active chairmanship, engaging the creativeness of European intellectual elite in an ample debate to renew the concept and vision of OSCE.

The appeal of president of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, presented in Vienna to European elite was clear and un-equivocal: the reform of OSCE and enabling a new vision for the organization, could only result in a common effort of the progressive intellectual`s and leaders of Europe.

In this moment I have taken the decision to uphold the Kazakhstan Presidency to OSCE and to nurture an intellectual and academic response to the challenge presented by President Nazarbayev.

President Emil Constantinescu at Bucharest Conference on OSCE-24 February 2010

The initial discussion was concentrated with President of Romania (1996-2000), the fine and impressive intellectual Emil Constantinescu.

President Emil Constantinescu, with his ample European vision had embraced the idea of a coagulated Romanian and European response to OSCE reform challenge.

Together we have shaped the vision of two main ideas that must be emphasized in a Bucharest conference on OSCE: the support for a high level meeting of OSCE and the highlighting of the main topics for a future reform of OSCE.

With this discussion, the European elite response to OSCE challenge, mounted by the president of Kazakhstan had started to gather essence.

Soon afterwards President of Romania (1990-1996; 2000-2004) Ion Iliescu had accepted to attend and support a Bucharest conference on OSCE.

President Ion Iliescu at Bucharest Conference on OSCE-24 February 2010

With the presence of two presidents, that supervised the transformation of OSCE after the Cold War and had supported the last high level gathering of OSCE in Istanbul, the European reform project for OSCE had become a major conceptual work of ″renovatio″ (re-building).

Along the ambitious project, the presence of the economic community, in this reform debate had imposed as a necessity. OSCE needs a powerful economic impact, need an economic overhaul and also must become an economic center of attraction. Mr. Cezar Coraci had entrusted himself with the task of creating an OSCE economic agenda that would transform the organization in a motor for growth and development.

Concluding Bucharest Conference on OSCE-24 February 2010

The diplomatic community of Europe, under the leadership of Professor Dr. Mircea Constantinescu, Director of European Diplomatic Academy, had also created a draft for a human security dimension of OSCE.

A strong reform project, supported by all the speakers of Bucharest conference on OSCE included: the necessity of reforming the so called democracy promotion arm of OSCE, creating a true and honest democracy framework and offering a new peace and security concept for the Euro-Asian region.

Finally, with their impressive moral and political authority Presidents Emil Constantinescu and Ion Iliescu offered their support for a high level meeting of OSCE in Astana.

In the concluding coverage of the Bucharest conference on OSCE the main international press outlets considered that Astana High Level Conference of OSCE it is now a necessity.

The long trail of shadow and mistrust in Kazakhstan Presidency had being defeated and the intellectual and political support of European elite had clearly shined thru.

The President of Kazakhstan decision had played off; Europe had supported his ambitious vision, supported a High level conference in Astana, defeated the mistrust and misunderstanding and created an agenda for reform of OSCE. Kazakhstan president had obtained a full support in his plans to reform OSCE.

 

I must also emphasize that Bucharest Conference on OSCE had started a special relation between Romania and Kazakhstan.

Romania had never forgotten that Kazakhstan had the ambition to reform OSCE, to promote an agenda of security at Euro-Asia level and had trusted the Romanian elite to coagulate a European response to Kazakhstan initiative for a new OSCE.

The ideas and the reform plans conceptualized in Bucharest conference on OSCE had become the main issues on the table of the High level meeting in Astana in 1-2 December 2010.

The voices of Romanian and European elite had crossed the space and become the main back bone of the reform of OSCE.

The lesson of the successful European-Asian cooperation of Bucharest Conference on OSCE from 24 February 2010 remain vivid today : OSCE could retained his efficiency, could become one more time a pillar of security and could rediscover his legacy of promoting human rights and authentic democracy.

Romania had started a strategic relation in the benefit of European unity and stability and in forging ties with Asia via Kazakhstan.

This strategic and visionary relation continuous today and the journey for creating a new world of peace and security with the support of Romania and Kazakhstan is a never ending story.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea MA, FINS, EDA


ROMANIA-KAZAKHSTAN: 20 YEARS OF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS

May 27, 2012

KAZAKHSTAN-ROMANIA : A STRATEGIC RELATION by professor dr. Anton Caragea MA, FINS, EDA

 

We have gathered here today in order to discuss about the remarkable achievements of the past 20 years of diplomatic relations, and above all, about the Romania- Kazakhstan friendship.

I shall not repeat all that has been discussed with so many details here: the extraordinary role of Kazakhstani investments in the Romanian energy sector, the amount of 3 billion $ speaks for itself about the essential role of these investments in the Romanian economy; therefore I do not aim to reiterate the extraordinary role of the Kazakhstani-Romanian cultural relations which will be enshrined by signing a new complete and broad bilateral agreement.

I wish to focus on a phrase found in the previous speeches and which calls upon the name of a current manifestation: Romania – Kazakhstan, a strategic partnership.
Very well, indeed, Romania has known how to be faithful to this concept and how to build a strategic partnership, for which I truly hope that will be applied not only for Central Asian countries but also for other states worldwide.
President Ion Iliescu and President Emil Constantinescu have described both clearly and with numerous details the importance and sometimes the difficulties of this strategic partnership in which both countries have known how to prove their friendship and interest in collaboration.

I shall mention only a few episodes of the past years showing the utility and the importance of this strategic partnership. In 2010, Kazakhstan was in charge of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Presidency in a tense environment in which the Russian and American concepts over the role and even of the organization’s utility were exacerbated, the last high level Summit of OSCE had taken place in 1999 at Istanbul and no compromise for any new summit was to be found.
It appeared impossible for young Kazakhstan, with its energetic but still young diplomacy to succeed this stunt.
Since the very first hours of the new presidency, Romania showed its availability to support Kazakhstani OSCE reformation and organizational reactivation concepts by means of a new high level summit. Romania had the wisdom along with Kazakhstani diplomacy to proceed in the best possible way : a summit of the wise held in Bucharest in which with calm, diplomacy and especially with strong arguments, the European intellectual elites and not only, were convinced of the OSCE reform necessity and of the organization’s future preservation through a new summit.
High ranked Romanian intellectual personalities such as President Ion Iliescu and President Emil Constantinescu took over the OSCE ideas’ flame and hence supported the OSCE reform. There was a clear test of how the strategic relations Romania – Kazakhstan functioned not only for the bilateral relation’s sake, but for the guardianship benefit of an organization with a notorious past, fallen in the shadows.
I was proud when the planted ideas in Bucharest, February of 2010 blossomed in Astana, December of 2010. It was more than Romania’s voice: it was the voice of Kazakhstan and of a functioning bilateral relation. When the world was wondering whether the Kazakhstan presidency would be a success, Romania gave an intellectual and resounding answer: YES.
Furthermore, at the Conference dedicated to 20 years of Kazakhstan independence in November 2011, the intellectual and academic Romanian elite under the guidance of natural leaders: President Emil Constantinescu and President Ion Iliescu knew how to place the conference’s importance on the 2nd position after Washington’s conference. These were other proofs of a working partnership. Moreover, on April 24th of 2012 Romania demonstrated once more its support for Kazakhstan, organizing the Candidacy support Exhibition for Astana at EXPO 2017. Thus, Romania was the first European country to do such a gesture, followed afterwards by Germany; I wish to highlight that Romania was the first country to support Astana for EXPO 2017.
My intention was just to list some of the past months’ moments in which Romania was faithful to its decision of building a strategic relation with Kazakhstan, a relation in which Romania’s voice is heard. Supporting Kazakhstan at OSCE, Romania supported the reform of a European organization which threatens to lose its importance; by supporting the 20 years celebration of Kazakhstan’s independence, Romania rang a bell for the model of democracy, development and security offered by Kazakhstan and President Nursultan Nazarbaev to the region and the rest of the world; assisting Astana for capital at EXPO 2017, Romania gives a signal of advancing, backing and not being afraid of 21st century’s transformations and Asian growth. Perhaps this is the secret of the strategic relation Romania – Kazakhstan, its benefits going beyond these two countries, the fruits of this friendship being directed worldwide.
May the strategic relation Romania – Kazakhstan further continue with the same great results!


KAZAHSTAN-ROMANIA: 20 DE ANI DE RELATII DIPLOMATICE

May 27, 2012

KAZAHSTAN-ROMANIA : O RELATIE STRATEGICA de prof.univ.dr.Anton Caragea


Ne-am adunat astăzi pentru a discuta despre realizările remarcabile ale ultimilor 20 de ani de relaţii diplomatice , dar mai presus de orice, 20 de ani de prietenie : România-Kazahstan.
Nu vreau să repet tot ceea ce s-a discutat cu atâtea detalii aici : rolul extraordinar al investitiilor Kazahstanului în sectorul energetic din România, suma de trei miliarde de dolari vorbeşte de la sine despre rolul esenţial al investiţiilor Kazahstanului în economia românească, nu vreau să reiterez rolul extrordinar al relaţiilor culturale româno-kazahe, ce va fi consfinţit prin semnarea unui nou , vast şi complet acord bilateral.
Vreau să mă concentrez asupra unei sintagme ce s-a regăsit în discursurile tuturor predecesorilor mei şi care atrage atenţia în numele chiar al manifestării ce ne uneşte astăzi : România-Kazahstan : un parteneriat strategic.
Ei bine , da , România a ştiut să fie credincioasă acestui concept şi să construiască un parteneriat strategic, ce nu pot decât să sper că va fi copiat în relaţie nu doar cu statele Asiei Centrale, dar şi cu statele din alte regiuni ale lumii.
Preşedintele Ion Iliescu şi Preşedintele Emil Constantinescu au descris amândoi clar şi cu nenumărate amănunte, importanţa şi uneori provocarile acestui parteneriat strategic, în care ambele ţări au ştiut să îşi demonstreze prietenia şi interesul în colaborare.
Eu am să menţionez doar câteva episoade ale ultimilor ani, arătând utilitatea şi importanţa acestui parteneriat strategic.
În anul 2010, Kazahstanul prelua Preşedinţia Organizaţiei pentru Securitate şi Cooperare în Europa, într-o atmosferă tensionată, în care concepţiile ruse şi americane asupra rolului şi chiar utilităţii organizaţiei erau exacerbate, ultimul summit la nivel înalt al OSCE avusese loc în 1999, la Istanbul, nici un compromis pentru un nou summit nu putea fi găsit.
Părea improbabil ca tânărul Kazahstan, cu diplomaţia sa energică, dar încă tânără, să reuşească acest tur de forţă.
Încă din primele ore ale noii preşedinţii România şi-a arătat disponibilitatea de a sprijinii conceptele Kazahstanului, de reformă a OSCE şi de reactivare a organizaţiei, printr-n nou summit la nivel înalt.
România a avut înţelepciunea, alături de diplomaţia kazahă să facă acest lucru în cea mai nimerită manieră: un summit al înţelepţilor, desfăşurat la Bucureşti, care cu calm, cu diplomaţie şi mai ales cu argumente forte să convingă elitele intelectuale ale Europei nu doar de necesitatea reformării OSCE, dar şi a prezervării acestei organizaţii pentru viitor printr-un nou summit.
Personalităţi de prim rang ale României intelectuale precum: Preşedintele Ion Iliescu şi Preşedintele Emil Constantinescu, au preluat flacăra ideilor OSCE şi au sprijinit reforma OSCE.
Era o probă clară de cum funcţionează raportul strategic România-Kazahstan, nu doar în beneficul relaţiei bilaterale, dar în beneficiul salvgardării unei organizaţii cu un trecut ilustru, dar căzută într-un con de umbră.
Am fost mândru când, ideile sădite la Bucureşti în februarie 2010, au răsunat în decembrie 2010 la Astana.
Nu era doar vocea României, era vocea Kazahstanului şi vocea unei relaţii bilaterale ce funcţionase.
Când lumea se întreba încă, daca preşedinţia kazahă va fi un succes, România dăduse răspunsul său intelectual şi răsunator: DA.
Să mai menţionez Conferinţa dedicata celor 20 de ani de independenţă ai Kazahstanului, din noiembrie 2011, când elita intelectuală şi academică a României, sub conducerea liderilor naturali: Preşedintele Emil Constantinescu şi Preşedintele Ion Iliescu a ştiut să facă din manifestarea de la Bucureşti, a doua conferinta ca importanţă, după conferinţa de la Washington.
O nouă dovadă a unui parteneriat care funcţionează.
Să mai menţionez că, în 24 aprilie 2012, România a ştiut din nou să dea un semnal al sprijinului pentru Kazahstan, organizând Expoziţia de sprijin pentru candidatura oraşului Astana la EXPO 2017.
Romania a fost astfel prima ţară europeană ce a făcut acest gest, urmată apoi de Germania, subliniez, decizia de la Bucureşti de a sprijinii Astana, drept capitală a viitorului, a EXPO 2017, a fost prima.
Am vrut doar să enumar câteva momente din ultimele luni, în care România a fost fidelă deciziei sale de a construi o relaţie strategică cu Kazahstanul , o relaţie în care vocea României se face auzită.
Sprijinind Kazahstanul la OSCE, România a sprijinit reforma unei organizaţii europene ce ameninţa a-şi pierde relevanţa.
Sprijinind marcarea celor 20 de ani independenţă ai Kazahstanului, România a dat un semnal de sprijin al modelului de democraţie, dezvoltare şi securitate oferit de Kazahstan şi de preşedintele Nazarbayev, regiunii şi lumii. Sprijinind Astana, drept capitală a EXPO 2017, România dă un semnal că merge inaintea noului , că sprijină şi nu se teme de transformările secolului XXI şi de creşterea rolului international al Asiei.
Poate acesta este secretul relaţiei strategice România –Kazahstan, beneficiile ei nu sunt limitate doar la cele două ţări, roadele acestei prietenii sunt oferite întregii lumi.
Fie ca relaţia strategică România –Kazahstan să continue în viitor cu aceleaşi bune rezulatate.


PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA ON NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT SUMMIT

April 26, 2012

The Seoul Summit had just concluded, but his reverberation will be long standing. Everybody is agreeing that we are witnessing just the beginning of  an international custom on managing nuclear weapons and nuclear security.  Seoul Summit, if it was not exceedingly rich on international regulation,   had offered instead a successful model of nuclear security management, of relinquishing the illusory security offered by nuclear weapons in exchange for a world commitment to his security: Kazakhstan.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea during his visit in Kazakhstan.

The world leaders have showered praises on the Central Asian country and his leader-Nursultan Nazarbaev ,top of the list being  United States President, Barack Obama,  who described Kazakhstan as a model for the world  and express his support for the country`s bid to host the International Nuclear Fuel Bank .

In this moment, when we are confronted with an insufficient legal framework on nuclear security, the need for a successful example to be offered as a way out for the countries that had pursued or are pursuing a program for nuclear military development it is clearly marked.

Kazakhstan is, undoubtedly, the success story of nuclear disarmament : dismantling an impressive nuclear arsenal inherited from Soviet Union ,with more than 1.000 warheads, prohibiting nuclear experiments on Semipalatinsk  polygon and in exchange obtaining security guarantees and international recognition of his borders .

International leaders express their appreciation towards Kazakhstan President- Nursultan Nazarbayev

In today world Kazakhstan and the architect of this enlighten policy: President Nursultan Nazarbavev had a long track record of  achievements.

Among others unremitting exertion for the nuclear disarmament Kazakhstan joined the “Group of Eight” (G-8) Global Partnership against the spread of weapons of mass destruction and ratified the 2005 Amendment to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) to bring it into force by 2014 and successfully hosted the Conference of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism” .

If to this list we add the impressive achievements of Kazakhstan Presidency to Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the hosting of the first high level OSCE Summit in Astana  in 2010 and the lavish and profound transforming Chairmanship to Organization of Islamic Conference we have the complete picture of a country determined to leave his mark on international arena.

Kazakhstan had not fall asleep on the laurels already won and President Nursultan Nazarbaev already used his country high standing to promote a regulation package destined to offer the possibility of further development of use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes such as: the adoption of legally binding nuclear safety standards, the establishment of mechanisms for rapid response in case of emergency at nuclear facilities, and the granting to all states of an equal access to peaceful nuclear technology and supplies of low enriched uranium (LEU), including through an International Nuclear Fuel Bank.

The mounting support of the world leaders to Kazakh President vision of a nuclear weapons free world   had offered a new chance for Seoul Summit. The value of this vision is reflected in President Nursultan Nazarbaev own words: Based on the experience of my country, that voluntarily renounced the world’s fourth nuclear arsenal, I can say that the real security guarantees are provided by sustainable economic and social development,”

If the world will support Kazakhstan in sharing this lesson, than the mankind could have a chance for a better future.

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea MA, FINS, EDA